How Is a Varicose Vein Defined?
You might know what varicose veins look like, but do you know why they look that way? A varicose vein is a blood vessel that becomes enlarged or twisted when pressure builds within it. Different factors elevate intravenous pressure, especially a condition called chronic venous insufficiency. As the veins dilate and engorge, they become visible and palpable at the surface of your skin.
• Varicose veins are part of a spectrum of vein diseases that includes spider veins, but they are typically >3mm and palpable, whereas spider veins are usually <1mm and nonpalpable.
• Rope-like and swollen, varicose veins are bluish-purple or reddish-purple.
• With the exception of the pulmonary vein, all veins transport deoxygenated blood to the heart. Since leg veins bear our body weight and pump blood upward, they’re more susceptible to varicosities.
• Varicose veins form in nearly 30% of Americans, affecting twice as many women as men. If varicose veins run in your family, you’re likely to develop them. Gaining weight, aging, pregnancy, and sitting or standing still for long spans of time increase the risk of varicosities.
• Treatment for varicose veins is common, to improve both health and self-confidence. Solutions include lifestyle adjustments and minimally invasive vein clinic procedures with no downtime.
What Are the Physical Symptoms of Varicose Veins?
Sometimes patients are asymptomatic, but those with venous insufficiency or symptomatic varicose veins visit our NJ vein clinic with these issues:
- Dilated, tortuous veins
- Edema in the calves, ankles, and feet
- Heavy, achy legs at the end of the day
- Fibrotic skin changes
- Hyperpigmentation on the legs and feet
- Red patches of stasis dermatitis or venous eczema
- Cramps and restlessness in the legs
- Pruritis or burning sensations
- Formation of spider veins nearby
What Usually Causes Varicose Veins?
Certain behaviors influence varicose vein formation. Obesity, inactivity, and smoking impact blood pressure. But there are other causes beyond your control. Hormones, congenital vein abnormalities, and phlebitis (inflammation) are occasionally to blame. Injuries and vein trauma (blood clots or weak vein walls) are also implemented in varicosities. But the primary cause is the condition called chronic venous insufficiency, wherein vein valves don’t close correctly, allowing blood to collect or flow backward, increasing pressure in your veins. If venous insufficiency is common in your family, you have a strong likelihood of developing it. Our New Jersey vein clinics diagnose and treat this condition.
Who Is at Risk of Developing Varicose Veins?
If you’re female, you have a higher risk of varicosities, particularly if you’ve given birth or experienced hormone fluctuations (menopause, birth control usage, etc.). The risk increases for both men and women as they age, and also if they’re obese or sedentary. Genetic predisposition is the main determinant, so take preventative steps if your parents have varicose veins and consult our New Jersey vein clinics to minimize your risks.
Varicose Vein Clinic Treatments:
Our New Jersey vein clinics have several successful methods for treating varicose veins. Our vein doctors are experts at selecting the perfect method for you, based on the anatomy of your veins, as well as your battery of symptoms and overall health. We conduct an exhaustive examination and offer customized options to suit you.
How Do NJ Vein Clinics Diagnose Varicose Veins and Vein Diseases?
No patient should seek treatment without a board certified vein expert’s diagnosis. The chronic venous insufficiency that frequently causes varicose veins requires different tests and techniques than cosmetic vein damage. Our NJ vein doctors investigate what’s causing varicosities in your veins. Using duplex ultrasound scans, we capture the complete picture of your venous anatomy so the full scope of your vein health is analyzed before administering treatment. This is an essential step for patients who might have vein disease, blood clots, or deep vein thrombosis, so choose a vein clinic in New Jersey that’s accredited in vascular imaging.
New Jersey Vein Clinic Treatment Options:
- Endovenous Ablаtіоn: heating an unhealthy vein with thermal energy (radiofrequency or lasers) to scar it shut.
- Liquid or Foam Sclerotherapy: injecting an irritating sclerosant (liquid or foam) directly into the varicose vein to destroy it.
- Elevation: raising the legs above the heart while sitting down or sleeping.
- Compression: wearing support ѕtосkіngѕ to reduce swelling and pressure.
- Vein Surgеrу: stripping a varicose vein out of the body through surgical incisions (phlebectomy).
NOTE: Liquid or foam sclerotherapy and RF ablation are the top choices fоr treating vаrісоѕе vеіnѕ at our New Jersey vein clinics.
Is Varicose Vein Treatment Safe at NJ Vein Clinics?
Treating varicose veins is quite safe for most patients, providing they choose an accredited NJ vein clinic with board certified vein doctors. Vein specialists are trained in the latest minimally invasive techniques that eliminate the risks associated with outdated surgical methods. Our Bergen County vein clinics are dual accredited for superior safety standards.